AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Cymbopogon winterianus Mandakni essential oil
Plant Name
: Java Cittronella
Plant Variety Name
: Mandakni
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


Cymbopogon winterianus (Family: Poaceae), is believed to be native of Indonesia. It is a perennial ,,ulti-crop of industrial importance, cultivated in parts of tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa and America. Suitable for north India plains; oil yield 243 kg/ha/year.

Other Details

Essential oil is used as insect repellant preparation, soap, perfumery & cosmetic industries.


1. Patra, NK, Kumar, B. 2005. Improved varieties and genetic research in medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). In Proceedings of second national Interactive Meet on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: 53-61.

2. Chagonda, Lameck S., Christopher Makanda, and Jean-Claude Chalchat. "Essential oils of cultivated Cymbopogon winterianus (Jowitt) and of C. citratus (DC)(Stapf) from Zimbabwe." Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.4 (2000): 478-480.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronella 39.0
2Geraniol 28.0

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellyl Acetate 3.2
2Delta-Cadinene 3.0
3Alpha-Terpineol 2.1
4Limonene 2.9
5Elemol 1.8
6Germacrene D 1.5
71,8-Cineole 0.1
8Beta-Caryophyllene 0.2
9Bicyclogermacrene 0.4
10Isocaryophyllene Oxide 0.7
11Myrcene 0.1
12Nerol 0.2
13P-Cymene 0.1

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