AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Cymbopogon winterianus Manjusha essential oil
Plant Name
: Java Cittronella
Plant Variety Name
: Manjusha
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant

Introduction

Cymbopogon winterianus (Family: Poaceae), is believed to be native of Indonesia. It is a perennial ,,ulti-crop of industrial importance, cultivated in parts of tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa and America. Oil yield 265 kg/ha/year; Citronellal 35%.

Other Details

Essential oil is used as insect repellant preparation, soap, perfumery & cosmetic industries.

Reference

1. Patra, NK, Kumar, B. 2005. Improved varieties and genetic research in medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). In Proceedings of second national Interactive Meet on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: 53-61.

2. Chagonda, Lameck S., Christopher Makanda, and Jean-Claude Chalchat. "Essential oils of cultivated Cymbopogon winterianus (Jowitt) and of C. citratus (DC)(Stapf) from Zimbabwe." Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.4 (2000): 478-480.

3. Oliveira, Wylly Araújo de, et al. "Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor against Candida albicans." Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 42.2 (2011): 433-441.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellal 38.61
2Geraniol 19.91
3Citronellol 11.74

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Eugenol 10.34
2Beta-Elemene 6.40
3Elemol 6.73
4Citronellyl Acetate 5.29
5Trans-Farnesol 3.01
6Limonene 3.39
7Delta-Cadinene 2.27
8Germacrene 2.64
9Linalool 1.34
10Gamma-Eudesmol 1.00
11Beta-Myrcene 0.07
12Farnesol 0.60

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