AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Laurus nobilis essential oil
Plant Name
: Bay laurel, Sweet bay, Bay tree
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Leaf

Introduction

The most abundant component found in laurel essential oil is 1,8-cineole, also called eucalyptol.[2] The leaves contain about 1.3% essential oils (ol. lauri folii), consisting of 45% eucalyptol, 12% other terpenes, 8-12% terpinyl acetate, 3–4% sesquiterpenes, 3% methyleugenol, and other α- and β-pinenes, phellandrene, linalool, geraniol, and terpineol, contains lauric acid also.

Other Details

oth essential and fatty oils are present in the fruit. The fruit is pressed and water-extracted to obtain these products. The fruit contains up to 30% fatty oils and about 1% essential oils (terpenes, sesquiterpenes, alcohols, and ketones).

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name
1Anti-inflammatory
2Anti-microbial

Reference

1. Fiorini, C., et al. "Composition of the Flower, Leaf and Stem Essential Oils from Laurus nobilis." Flavour and fragrance journal 12.2 (1997): 91-93.

2. Sayyah, M., et al. "Analgesic and anti‐inflammatory activity of the leaf essential oil of Laurus nobilis Linn." Phytotherapy Research 17.7 (2003): 733-736.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
11,8-Cineole 39.1
2Alpha-Terpinyl Acetate 18.6
3Methyl Eugenol 11.8
4Linalool 10.0

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Sabinene 4.4
2Limonene 2.6
3Alpha- Pinene 2.2
4Alpha-Terpineol 1.3
5Beta-Caryophyllene 1.6
6Terpinen-4-Ol 1.4
7Beta-Pinene 1.7
8A-Humulene 0.1
9Linalyl Acetate 0.2
10Myrcene 0.3
11Alpha-Thujene 0.1
12Beta-Elemene 0.5
13Beta-Eudesmol 0.4
14Beta-Phellandrene 0.3
15Bornyl Acetate 0.2
16Camphene 0.2
17D-Cadinene 0.1
18Germacrene D 0.1

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