Before synthetic dyes revolutionized industry, the tree was planted commercially for the pigment, extracted by solvent or boiling the seeds in oil, which was used to color cheese, margarine, chocolate, fabric and paints. Annatto oil is rich in tocotrienols, beta-carotene, essential oil, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, flavonoids and vitamin C.
|Serial No.||Biological Activity Name|
1. Pino, Jorge A., and Margarita T. Correa. "Chemical composition of the essential oil from annatto (Bixa orellana L.) seeds." Journal of Essential Oil Research 15.2 (2003): 66-67.
2. Castello, Marie-Claire, et al. "Antimicrobial activity of crude extracts from plant parts and corresponding calli of Bixa orellana L." Indian journal of experimental biology 40.12 (2002): 1378-1381.