AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Centratherum punctatum essential oil
Plant Name
: Centratherum punctatum
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant

Introduction

The predominant constituent was β-caryophyllene (27.4%) (Table 1). Minor sesquiterpene hydrocarbons in 3.01–6.59% yield like cycloisosativene, α-copaene, trans-α-bergamotene, β-farnesene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, α-humulene, and δ-cadinene occurred in C. punctatum oil. Among the oxygenated sesquiterpenes, spathulenol (1.26%), viridiflorol (2.12%), and caryophyllene oxide (2.42%) formed the notable constituents.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name
1Antioxidant
2Anti-microbial

Reference

1. Gbolade, Adebayo A., et al. "Essential oil composition of Centratherum punctatum from Nigeria." Chemistry of natural compounds 45.1 (2009): 118-119.

2. Pawar, NAVEEN KUMAR, and N. E. E. L. A. K. A. N. T. A. N. Arumugam. "Leaf extract of Centratherum punctatum exhibits antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti proliferative properties." Asian j pharm clin res 4.3 (2011): 71-76.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Beta-Caryophyllene 27.40

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1D-Cadinene 6.59
2A-Humulene 6.95
3Germacrene D 5.93
4Alpha-Copaene 5.03
5Bicyclogermacrene 4.63
6(E)-Beta-Farnesene 3.90
7Trans-Alpha-Bergamotene 3.87
8Gamma-Muurolene 2.20
9Viridiflorol 2.12
10Caryophyllene Oxide 2.42
11Delta-Elemene 1.68
12Delta-Selinene 1.90
131-Epi-Cubenol 1.76
14Spathulenol 1.26
15Allo-Aromadendrene 1.22
16Beta-Bourbonene 1.28
17Beta-Curcumene 1.03
18Beta-Elemene 1.32

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