AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Eugenia uniflora essential oil
Plant Name
: Pitanga
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Fruit


Eugenia uniflora has several significant pharmacological properties. Its essential oil is antihypertensive, antidiabetic, antitumor and analgesic. It has shown antiviral and antifungal activity. It has performed against microorganisms such as Trichomonas gallinae (in vitro), Trypanosoma cruzi nd Leishmania amazonensis.

Other Details

It also shows significant anti-inflammatory properties and is used extensively as a folk remedy in South America against stomach diseases.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name


1. Maia, J. G. S., et al. "A new chemotype of Eugenia uniflora L. from North Brazil." Journal of Essential Oil Research 11.6 (1999): 727-729.

2. Consolini, Alicia E., Osvaldo AN Baldini, and Anı́bal G. Amat. "Pharmacological basis for the empirical use of Eugenia uniflora L.(Myrtaceae) as antihypertensive." Journal of Ethnopharmacology 66.1 (1999): 33-39.

3. Ogunwande, I. A., et al. "Studies on the essential oils composition, antibacterial and cytotoxicity of Eugenia uniflora L." International journal of Aromatherapy 15.3 (2005): 147-152.

4. Amorim, Ana Carolina L., et al. "Antinociceptive and hypothermic evaluation of the leaf essential oil and isolated terpenoids from Eugenia uniflora L.(Brazilian Pitanga)." Phytomedicine 16.10 (2009): 923-928.

5. Costa, Deomar P., et al. "Influence of fruit biotypes on the chemical composition and antifungal activity of the essential oils of Eugenia uniflora leaves." Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 21.5 (2010): 851-858.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Curzerene 38.90

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1(E)-Beta-Ocimene 7.40
2Myrcene 7.70
3Limonene 6.60
4Cis-Allo-Ocimene 3.0
5Beta-Elemene 2.40
6Cis-beta-ocimene 2.10
7Beta-Caryophyllene 1.30
8(E)-Anethole 0.10
9Delta-Elemene 0.70
10Gamma-Cadinene 0.10
11Alpha- Pinene 0.20
12Gamma-Terpinene 0.10
13Alpha-Terpineol 0.40
14Ledol 0.10
15Alpha-Thujene trace
16Myrcenol 0.10
17Beta-Eudesmol 0.20
18Neral 0.10
19Beta-Pinene 0.30
20P-Cymene 0.40
21Borneol 0.10
22Spathulenol 0.40
23Terpinen-4-Ol 0.20
24Terpinolene 0.60
25D-Cadinene 0.10

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