AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Foeniculum vulgare CIM-Sujal essential oil
Plant Name
: Fennel, Saunf
Plant Variety Name
: CIM-sujal
Plant Tissue Name
: Seed


Foeniculum vulgare (Family: Apiaceae/ Umbelliferaceae) is native of Europe and Asia. It is generally considered indigenous to the shores of Mediterranean sea but has become widely naturalised in many part of the world especially on dry soils near the sea coast and on the river banks

Other Details

Essential oil is used in flavour liquors, vinegars, bread, pasteries, candies. In culinary articles. Used in Indian, folk & Inani system of abortifacient, carminative, cardiotonic, stimulant.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name


1. García-Jiménez, Noemí, María José Péerez-Alonso, and Arturo Velasco-Negueruela. "Chemical composition of fennel oil, Foeniculum vulgare Miller, from Spain." Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.2 (2000): 159-162.

2. Stefanini, M. B., et al. "Seed productivity, yield and composition of the essential oil of fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. dulcis in the season of the year." Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais 8 (2006): 86-90.

3. Anonymous 2006. CIM-Sujal; High yielding variety of fennel Foeniculum vulgare (Miller) with better anethol content. CIMAP Newsletter 2: 20.

4. Ruberto, Giuseppe, et al. "Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Foeniculum vulgare and Crithmum maritimum essential oils." Planta medica 66.8 (2000): 687-693.

5. Lo Cantore, Pietro, et al. "Antibacterial activity of Coriandrum sativum L. and Foeniculum vulgare Miller var. vulgare (Miller) essential oils." Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 52.26 (2004): 7862-7866.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1(E)-Anethole 81.0

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Trans-Anethole 15.9
2Fenchone 15.8
3Beta-Pinene 13.4
4Limonene 5.26
5Exo-Fenchyl Acetate 4.24
6Safrole 3.3
7Methyl Chavicol 2.56
8Alpha-Phellandrene 1.0
9Alpha-Thujene 1.8
10Beta-Phellandrene 1.7
11Alpha-Bergamotene 0.2
12Alpha-Copaene 0.4
13Myrcene 0.93
14P-Cymene 0.7
15Alpha-Pinene 0.28
16Bornyl Acetate 0.2
17Elemicine 0.3
18Gamma-Terpinene 0.57

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