AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Cymbopogon winterianus CIMAP-Bio-13 essential oil
Plant Name
: Java Cittronella
Plant Variety Name
: CIMAP-Bio-13
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant

Introduction

Cymbopogon winterianus (Family: Poaceae), is believed to be native of Indonesia. It is a perennial ,,ulti-crop of industrial importance, cultivated in parts of tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa and America. Suitable for north India plains; oil yield 243 kg/ha/year; citronellal 42%.

Other Details

Essential oil is used as insect repellant preparation, soap, perfumery & cosmetic industries.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name
1Anti-bacterial
2Anti-microbial

Reference

1. Patra, NK, Kumar, B. 2005. Improved varieties and genetic research in medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). In Proceedings of second national Interactive Meet on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: 53-61.

2. Chagonda, Lameck S., Christopher Makanda, and Jean-Claude Chalchat. "Essential oils of cultivated Cymbopogon winterianus (Jowitt) and of C. citratus (DC)(Stapf) from Zimbabwe." Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.4 (2000): 478-480.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellal 38
2Geraniol 24

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellol 9.1
2Limonene 3.9
3Citronellyl Acetate 3.5
4Germacrene D 2.1
5Alpha-Terpineol 2.8
6Delta-Cadinene 1.9
7Elemol 1.5
8Isocaryophyllene Oxide 0.9
91,8-Cineole Trace
10Myrcene 0.1
113-Octanone Trace
12Nerol 0.1
13P-Cymene Trace
14Beta-Caryophyllene 0.4
15Bicyclogermacrene 0.9
16Eugenol 0.7

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