AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Ocimum tenuiflorum essential oil
Plant Name
: Holy basil
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Shoot



Other Details

Tulasi extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for a variety of ailments. Traditionally, tulasi is taken in many forms: as herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf or mixed with ghee. Essential oil extracted from Karpoora tulasi is mostly used for medicinal purposes and in herbal cosmetics.


1. Kothari, S. K., et al. "Volatile constituents in oil from different plant parts of methyl eugenol-rich Ocimum tenuiflorum Lf (syn. O. sanctum L.) grown in South India." Journal of Essential Oil Research 17.6 (2005): 656-658.

2. Golshahi H., Ghasemi E., Mehranzade E. (2011). "Antibacterial activity of Ocimum sanctum extract against E. coli, S. aureus and P. aeruginosa". Clinical Biochemistry. Conference: 12th Iranian Congress of Biochemistry, ICB and 4th International Congress of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 44 (13 SUPPL. 1): S352.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Methyl Eugenol 75.25

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Beta-Caryophyllene 6.37
2(E)-Cinnamyl Acetate 3.44
3Beta-Elemene 2.84
4Alpha-Muurolene 0.42
5Myrcene 0.06
6Alpha-Pinene 0.11
7Nerolidol 0.14
8Tau-Cadinol 0.30
9Trans-Linalool Oxide 0.06
10Beta-Eudesmol 0.23
11(E)-Beta-Ocimene 0.04
12Beta-Pinene 0.06
13Beta-Selinene 0.09
14(E,Z)-Farnesol 0.53
15Caryophyllene Oxide 0.75
16(Z)-3-Hexenol 0.05
17Delta-Cadinene 0.17
18Alpha-Bisabolol 0.06
19Eugenol 0.79
20Alpha-Guaiene 0.04
21Gamma-Terpinene 0.05
22Alpha-Guaiol 0.22
23Limonene 0.03
24Alpha-Humulene 0.58
25Linalool 0.05

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