AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Plant Details

:Common Name
Flat-leaved vanilla
:Scientific Name
Vanilla planifolia
:Introduction

Vanilla planifolia is a species of vanilla orchid. It is native to Mexico, and is one of the primary sources for vanilla flavouring, due to its high vanillin content. Common names are flat-leaved vanilla, Tahitian vanilla (for the Pacific stock formerly thought to be a distinct species), and West Indian vanilla (also used for the Pompona vanilla, V. pompona). Often, it is simply referred to as

: Details
Vanilla Flowers are greenish-yellow, with a diameter of 5 cm (2 in). They last only a day, and must be pollinated manually, during the morning, if fruit is desired. The plants are self-fertile, and pollination simply requires a transfer of the pollen from the anther to the stigma. If pollination does not occur, the flower is dropped the next day. In the wild, there is less than 1% chance that the flowers will be pollinated, so in order to receive a steady flow of fruit, the flowers must be hand-pollinated when grown on farms. Vanilla planifolia is found in Central America and the West Indies. It prefers hot, wet, tropical climates. It is harvested mostly in Mexico and Madagascar.

Plant Variety

Serial No.Variety CompoundDetails

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