AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Cymbopogon winterianus Manjari essential oil
Plant Name
: Java Cittronella
Plant Variety Name
: Manjari
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


Cymbopogon winterianus (Family: Poaceae), is believed to be native of Indonesia. It is a perennial ,,ulti-crop of industrial importance, cultivated in parts of tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa and America. Oil yield 285 kg/ha/year; Citronellal 40%.

Other Details

Essential oil is used as insect repellant preparation, soap, perfumery & cosmetic industries.


1. Lal RK, Khanuja SPS, Agnihotri AK, Misra HO. 1999. development of new variety Manjari of Citronella Java (C. winterianus). J Med Arom Pl Sci 21: 727-729.

2. Chagonda, Lameck S., Christopher Makanda, and Jean-Claude Chalchat. "Essential oils of cultivated Cymbopogon winterianus (Jowitt) and of C. citratus (DC)(Stapf) from Zimbabwe." Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.4 (2000): 478-480.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellal 40.0
2Geraniol 23.2

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellyl Acetate 3.2
2Limonene 2.9
3Alpha-Terpineol 2.1
4Germacrene D 1.5
5Elemol 1.8
6Eugenol 0.6
7Isocaryophyllene Oxide 0.7
8Myrcene 0.1
91,8-Cineole 0.2
103-Octanone 0.1
11Beta-Caryophyllene 0.2
12Bicyclogermacrene 0.4
13Delta-Cadinene 0.6

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