AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Vetiver zizanoides Dharni essential oil
Plant Name
: Vetiver, Khus
Plant Variety Name
: Dharni
Plant Tissue Name
: Root


The vetiveria is important for fragrance and beverage industries. It originates in India, Chrysopogon zizanioides is widely cultivated in the tropical regions of the world. The major vetiver producers include Haiti, India, Java, and Réunion. Yield is 39 kg/ha.

Other Details

Essential oil is perfumery or fixative and odour stabilizer, in high grade perfumes and cosmetics.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name


1. Anonymous 1998. three new varieties of vetiver released for commercial cultivation. CIMAP Newsletter 25 (1&2): 4-5.

2. Luqman, Suaib, et al. "Detection of Antibacterial Activity in Spent Roots of Two Genotypes of Aromatic Grass Vetiveria zizanioides." Pharmaceutical biology 43.8 (2005): 732-736.

3. Champagnat, Pascal, et al. "Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils from Vetiveria nigritana and Vetiveria zizanioides Roots." Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 10.6 (2007): 519-524.

4. Chou, Su-Tze, et al. "Study of the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory activity of essential oil from Vetiveria zizanioides." Food Chemistry 134.1 (2012): 262-268.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Khusimol 25.6

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Cis-Beta-Santalol 1.26
21-Epi-Cubenol 0.53
3Alpha-Phellandrene 0.11
4Beta-Santalol 0.64
5Elemol 0.21
6Isoeugenol 0.33
7Spathulenol 0.20

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