AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Ocimum gratissimum essential oil
Plant Name
: Clove basil, African basil
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


The essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum contains eugenol and shows some evidence of antibacterial activity. A polyherbal preparation of a water extract obtained from the leaves of Gongronema latifolia, Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum showed.


1. Kothari, Sushil K., et al. "Pre-flowering harvesting of Ocimum gratissimum for higher essential oil and eugenol yields under semi-arid tropics." Journal of Essential Oil Research 17.2 (2005): 212-216.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Eugenol 57.5
2(Z)-Beta-Ocimene 24.7

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Isoeugenol 2.6
2Beta-Caryophyllene 1.6
3Elemol Trace
4Gamma-Eudesmol 0.1
5Geraniol 0.3
6(Z)-3-Hexenol 0.2
7Germacrene D 0.1
8Alpha-Bisabolol Trace
9Alpha-Eudesmol 0.2
10Linalool 0.4
11Alpha-Muurolene 0.1
12Linalyl Acetate 0.1
13Beta-Bisabolene Trace
14Methyl Chavicol 0.2
15Methyl Eugenol 0.5
16Beta-Elemene 0.4
17Myrcene 0.4
18Citronellol 0.1
19Sabinene 0.1
20Citronellyl Formate 0.1
21T-Cadinol 0.1
22D-Cadinene 0.5

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