AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Bixa orellana essential oil
Plant Name
: Bixa orellana
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Seed


Before synthetic dyes revolutionized industry, the tree was planted commercially for the pigment, extracted by solvent or boiling the seeds in oil, which was used to color cheese, margarine, chocolate, fabric and paints. Annatto oil is rich in tocotrienols, beta-carotene, essential oil, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, flavonoids and vitamin C.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name


1. Pino, Jorge A., and Margarita T. Correa. "Chemical composition of the essential oil from annatto (Bixa orellana L.) seeds." Journal of Essential Oil Research 15.2 (2003): 66-67.

2. Castello, Marie-Claire, et al. "Antimicrobial activity of crude extracts from plant parts and corresponding calli of Bixa orellana L." Indian journal of experimental biology 40.12 (2002): 1378-1381.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Farnesyl Acetate 11.60
2Alpha-Calacorene 9.60

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Humulene Epoxide Ii 9.70
2Alpha- Pinene 2.80
3Beta-Pinene 2.50
4Eucarvone 2.30
5Alpha-Thujene 1.0
6Beta-Bisabolene 1.0
7A-Cubebene 0.10
8Beta-Elemene 0.30

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