AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Cymbopogon winterianus CIMAP-Bio-13 essential oil
Plant Name
: Java Cittronella
Plant Variety Name
: CIMAP-Bio-13
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


Cymbopogon winterianus (Family: Poaceae), is believed to be native of Indonesia. It is a perennial ,,ulti-crop of industrial importance, cultivated in parts of tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa and America. Suitable for north India plains; oil yield 243 kg/ha/year; citronellal 42%.

Other Details

Essential oil is used as insect repellant preparation, soap, perfumery & cosmetic industries.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name


1. Patra, NK, Kumar, B. 2005. Improved varieties and genetic research in medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs). In Proceedings of second national Interactive Meet on Medicinal & Aromatic Plants: 53-61.

2. Chagonda, Lameck S., Christopher Makanda, and Jean-Claude Chalchat. "Essential oils of cultivated Cymbopogon winterianus (Jowitt) and of C. citratus (DC)(Stapf) from Zimbabwe." Journal of Essential Oil Research 12.4 (2000): 478-480.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellal 38
2Geraniol 24

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellol 9.1
2Limonene 3.9
3Citronellyl Acetate 3.5
4Germacrene D 2.1
5Alpha-Terpineol 2.8
6Delta-Cadinene 1.9
7Elemol 1.5
8Isocaryophyllene Oxide 0.9
91,8-Cineole Trace
10Myrcene 0.1
113-Octanone Trace
12Nerol 0.1
13P-Cymene Trace
14Beta-Caryophyllene 0.4
15Bicyclogermacrene 0.9
16Eugenol 0.7

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