AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Calendula officinalis essential oil
Plant Name
: Pot marigold, ruddles, common marigold, garden marigold, English marigold, or Scottish marigold
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Flowers


Pot marigold florets are edible. They are often used to add color to salads or added to dishes as a garnish and in lieu of saffron. The leaves are edible but are often not palatable. They have a history of use as a potherb and in salads.

Other Details

The essential oils of this herb are highly medicinal (Janke, 2004) with several therapeutic activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorogenic and cicatrizing. In addition, the in vitro antimicrobial activities of its oils have been documented.


1. Crabas, Nicoletta, et al. "Extraction, separation and isolation of volatiles and dyes from Calendula officinalis L. and Aloysia triphylla (L'Her.) Britton by supercritical CO2." Journal of Essential Oil Research 15.4 (2003): 272-277.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Alpha-Thujene 26.9
2T-Muurolol 24.9
3Delta-Cadinene 13.1

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Gamma-Cadinene 2.2
2Germacrene D 2.8
3Alpha-Copaene 2.7
4A-Humulene 1.5
5Alpha- Pinene 1.8
6Myrcene 1.1
7Beta-Caryophyllene 1.2
81,8-Cineole 1.7
9Bornyl Acetate Trace
10Cadina-1,4-Diene 0.4
11Delta-3-Carene Trace
12Alpha-Amorphene 0.5
13Alpha-Cadinene 0.4
14Limonene Trace
15Alpha-Cubebene 0.2
16Alpha-Gurjunene 0.6
17Nerolidol 0.9
18Alpha-Muurolene Trace
19Nonanal Trace
20Alpha-Ylangene Trace
21Beta-Cubebene 0.5
22(E)-Beta-Ocimene Trace
23Beta-Pinene Trace

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