AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Cymbopogon flexuosus Chirharit essential oil
Plant Name
: Lemongrass
Plant Variety Name
: Chirharit
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


Cymbopogon flexuosus (Family: Poaceae) is native to India, Southeast Asia, and Oceania.This grass grows upto 2m tall from short woddy rhizome. Frost resistant variety, oil yield is 260 kh/ha/year.

Other Details

Essential oil is perfumery, flavour, citral is used for synthesis of vitamin A.


1. Patra NK, Kumar S, Khanuja SPS, Sasany AK, Darokar MP, Kalra A, Ram P, Singh HB, Singh HP, Singh VR, Kumar B, Tanveer H, Mengi N, Rajput DK, Negi MA, Tyagi NK, Singh VP, Singh JP, Naqvi AA. 2001. Chirharit - a high yielding lemongrass variety with frost resistance, stay-green habit and new chromosomal ploidy status. J Med Arom Pl Sci 23: 137-140.

2. Chowdhury, Somit Roy, P. K. Tandon, and A. R. Chowdhury. "Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud) Wats. Growing in Kumaon Region." Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 13.5 (2010): 588-593.


Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citral 80.0

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Citronellyl Acetate 4.2
2Limonene 2.0
3Linalool 2.6
4Citronella 1.5
5(E)-Beta-Ocimene 0.1
6(Z)-Beta-Ocimene 0.4
76-Methyl-5-Hepten-2-One (Sulcatone) 0.6
8Alpha-Pinene 0.3
9Camphene 0.3
10Camphor 0.3
11Myrcene 0.1
12Sabinene 0.1
13Tricyclene 0.5

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