AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Ocimum gratissimum essential oil
Plant Name
: Clove basil, African basil
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


The essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum contains eugenol and shows some evidence of antibacterial activity. A polyherbal preparation of a water extract obtained from the leaves of Gongronema latifolia, Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum showed.


1. Kothari, Sushil K., et al. "Pre-flowering harvesting of Ocimum gratissimum for higher essential oil and eugenol yields under semi-arid tropics." Journal of Essential Oil Research 17.2 (2005): 212-216.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Eugenol 57.5
2(Z)-Beta-Ocimene 24.7

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Isoeugenol 2.6
2Beta-Caryophyllene 1.6
3(Z)-3-Hexenol 0.2
4Germacrene D 0.1
5Alpha-Bisabolol Trace
6Alpha-Eudesmol 0.2
7Linalool 0.4
8Alpha-Muurolene 0.1
9Linalyl Acetate 0.1
10Beta-Bisabolene Trace
11Methyl Chavicol 0.2
12Methyl Eugenol 0.5
13Beta-Elemene 0.4
14Myrcene 0.4
15Citronellol 0.1
16Sabinene 0.1
17Citronellyl Formate 0.1
18T-Cadinol 0.1
19D-Cadinene 0.5
20Elemol Trace
21Gamma-Eudesmol 0.1
22Geraniol 0.3

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