AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Calendula officinalis essential oil
Plant Name
: Pot marigold, ruddles, common marigold, garden marigold, English marigold, or Scottish marigold
Plant Variety Name
: NA
Plant Tissue Name
: Flowers


Pot marigold florets are edible. They are often used to add color to salads or added to dishes as a garnish and in lieu of saffron. The leaves are edible but are often not palatable. They have a history of use as a potherb and in salads.

Other Details

The essential oils of this herb are highly medicinal (Janke, 2004) with several therapeutic activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorogenic and cicatrizing. In addition, the in vitro antimicrobial activities of its oils have been documented.

Biological Activity Details

Serial No.Biological Activity Name


1. Crabas, Nicoletta, et al. "Extraction, separation and isolation of volatiles and dyes from Calendula officinalis L. and Aloysia triphylla (L'Her.) Britton by supercritical CO2." Journal of Essential Oil Research 15.4 (2003): 272-277.

2. Gazim, Zilda Cristiane, et al. "Antifungal activity of the essential oil from Calendula officinalis L.(Asteraceae) growing in Brazil." Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 39.1 (2008): 61-63.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Alpha-Thujene 26.9
2T-Muurolol 24.9
3Delta-Cadinene 13.1

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Gamma-Cadinene 2.2
2Germacrene D 2.8
3Alpha-Copaene 2.7
41,8-Cineole 1.7
5A-Humulene 1.5
6Alpha- Pinene 1.8
7Myrcene 1.1
8Beta-Caryophyllene 1.2
9(E)-Beta-Ocimene Trace
10Beta-Pinene Trace
11Bornyl Acetate Trace
12Cadina-1,4-Diene 0.4
13Delta-3-Carene Trace
14Alpha-Amorphene 0.5
15Alpha-Cadinene 0.4
16Limonene Trace
17Alpha-Cubebene 0.2
18Alpha-Gurjunene 0.6
19Nerolidol 0.9
20Alpha-Muurolene Trace
21Nonanal Trace
22Alpha-Ylangene Trace
23Beta-Cubebene 0.5

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