AromaDb: A Database of Plant's Aroma Molecules

Essential Oil Details

Essential Name
: Mentha spicata Neerkalka essential oil
Plant Name
: Spearmint
Plant Variety Name
: Neerkalka
Plant Tissue Name
: Whole plant


Mentha spicata (Family: Lamiaceae) native to Europe, Asia (Middle East, Himalayas, China etc), and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North and South America, as well as various oceanic islands. Hybrid between menthol mint & spearmint, carvone rich . The yield is 270 q/ha/year, presence of underground suckers for vegetative reproduction.

Other Details

Mint is used for the common cold, cough, inflammation of the mouth and throat, sinus infections, and respiratory infections. It is also used for digestive problems including heartburn, nausea and other diseases. Carvone rich oil is used for perfumery industries. carvone is digestive and gastrostimulant compound.


1. Patra NK, Kumar S, Khanuja SPS, Shasany AK, Kalra AK, Singh HB, Singh HP, Tanveer H, Singh VR, Kumar B, Mengi N, Negi MS, Singh VP, Singh JP, Naqvi AA,. 2001. neerkala- an interspecific hybrid variety of Mentha arvensis and Mentha spicata for commercial cultivation of spearmint. J Med Arom Pl Sci 23: 129-132.

2. Pino, Jorge A., Aristides Rosado, and Esther Sánchez. "Essential oil of Mentha spicata L. from Cuba." Journal of Essential Oil Research 10.6 (1998): 657-659.

Major Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Carvone 47
2Limonene 35

Minor Compound Details

Serial No.Compound Name Compound Percentage(%)
1Cis-Dihydrocarvone 1.4
23-Octanol 1.7
3Furyl Propyl Ketone 1.2
4Trans-Beta-Bergamotene 1.5
5Beta-Caryophyllene 1.2
6Borneol 1.2
7Camphene 0.1
8Carvacrol 0.4
9Delta-Cadinene 0.7
10Alpha-Amorphene 0.5
11Alpha-Cadinol 0.4
12Germacrene D 0.9
13Alpha-Copaene 0.1
14Myrcene 0.7
15Alpha-Cubebene Trace
16Alpha-Gurjunene 0.1
17Alpha-Pinene 0.6
18Beta-Pinene 0.8

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